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中国岩画研究中心

Rock Art Research Association of China

 
 
 

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关于我

中国岩画研究中心始建于1992年,创始人为我国著名岩画专家陈兆复教授。中国岩画研究中心是国际岩画组织联合会的会员组织之一,主要从事中国境内岩画资料搜集整理及学术研究工作,也密切关注世界岩画研究事业的最新动态。中国岩画研究中心现任主任张亚莎教授是国际岩画组织联合会的中国代表,国际史前及原史科学协会会员。同时,也是《岩画研究》(澳大利亚)、《文学和艺术研究期刊》(美国)等国际学术期刊的评审人。张亚莎教授的主要学术研究领域为艺术史、藏族艺术和岩画。目前,中国岩画研究中心每年招收3名硕士研究生和1—2名博士研究生

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聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area  

2012-09-20 16:08:49|  分类: 学术动态/Latest |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

编者按:非洲拥有丰富多样的野生动物、自然景观以及肇始于原始人类最早横跨非洲大陆广袤大草原进行探险的漫长人类史。迄今为止,非洲拥有120处世界遗产遗址,其中9处为岩画遗址。中国岩画研究中心长期关注非洲岩画,并将于2012101020日主办“2012年中南岩画研讨会”。从本期起,我们将特别关注已被列入联合国教科文组织《世界遗产名录》的非洲岩画遗址,并隆重推出系列报道——《聚焦非洲岩画》。

Editors note: Africa is well recognized as the cradle of mankind with a variety of diverse wildlife, landscapes and the whole of human history from the time our hominid ancestors first began to venture across the continents wide savannas. Currently, Africa has 120 world heritage sites, 9 of which are inscribed for their outstanding rock art resource. RARAC has long set her close eyes to Africas rock art, and will be hosting 2012 China-South Africa Rock Art Symposium between 10 and 20 October, 2012. From now onwards,our special attention will get paid to UNESCOs World Heritage-designated rock art sites in Africa, with Focus on African Rock Art, a series of coverages, launched.

 

 

琼戈尼岩画区——马拉维

Chongoni Rock Art Area - Malawi

 

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

面积126平方公里

Area: 126 km2

 

 

入选年份2006

Date of Inscription: 2006

 

 

入选标准

3、文化传统

6、与信仰系统有关

Criteria:

(iii) cultural tradition

(vi) association with belief system

 

 

简介

琼戈尼岩石岩画区位于马拉维中央高原树林丛生的花岗岩山岗上,占地126.4平方公里。该地区127处遗址最集中、丰富地展现了中部非洲的岩画艺术。它们反映了相对贫乏的农民岩画艺术传统,以及自后石器时代就居住于此的群居猎人巴特瓦的绘画艺术。切瓦农民的祖先生活在后铁器时代,习练岩画至20世纪。岩画艺术里与妇女关系紧密的符号,在切瓦中仍有文化关联,这些遗址与庆典和仪式紧密相连。

Brief Description

Situated within a cluster of forested granite hills and covering an area of 126.4 km2, high up the plateau of central Malawi, the 127 sites of this area feature the richest concentration of rock art in Central Africa. They reflect the comparatively scarce tradition of farmer rock art, as well as paintings by BaTwa hunter-gatherers who inhabited the area from the late Stone Age. The Chewa agriculturalists, whose ancestors lived there from the late Iron Age, practised rock painting until well into the 20th century. The symbols in the rock art, which are strongly associated with women, still have cultural relevance amongst the Chewa, and the sites are actively associated with ceremonies and rituals.

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

地理位置与价值

Location & Values:

The Chongoni Rock Art Area is located on the southern Africa plateau about 80 km south-east of Lilongwe near the town of Dedza. It is an area of forested hills with numerous granite outcrops and kopjes, protected as Forest Reserves.  Within the hills, 127 rock shelters have been used for rock art, creating the richest concentration of such art in central Africa. Unusually, it is the work of farming communities, and part of a still-thriving tradition.

 

Most of the paintings were made during the past 1,000 years, following the migration of Chewa agriculturalists to the area. They introduced painting with white clay, where the previous inhabitants, Batwa hunter-gatherers, had a tradition of painting in red. Their images are particularly associated with women’s initiation, rain-making and funerary rites, traditions that persist in Chewa society to this day. In recent decades, the symbolism of the rock art has served an important role in a Chewa secret society, Nyau.

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(六)琼戈尼岩画区/Focus on African Rock Art(VI) - Chongoni Rock Art Area - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心
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