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中国岩画研究中心

Rock Art Research Association of China

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

中国岩画研究中心始建于1992年,创始人为我国著名岩画专家陈兆复教授。中国岩画研究中心是国际岩画组织联合会的会员组织之一,主要从事中国境内岩画资料搜集整理及学术研究工作,也密切关注世界岩画研究事业的最新动态。中国岩画研究中心现任主任张亚莎教授是国际岩画组织联合会的中国代表,国际史前及原史科学协会会员。同时,也是《岩画研究》(澳大利亚)、《文学和艺术研究期刊》(美国)等国际学术期刊的评审人。张亚莎教授的主要学术研究领域为艺术史、藏族艺术和岩画。目前,中国岩画研究中心每年招收3名硕士研究生和1—2名博士研究生

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聚焦非洲岩画(五)塔德拉尔特·阿卡库斯石窟/Focus on African Rock Art(V) - Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus  

2012-09-14 14:12:06|  分类: 学术动态/Latest |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

编者按:非洲拥有丰富多样的野生动物、自然景观以及肇始于原始人类最早横跨非洲大陆广袤大草原进行探险的漫长人类史。迄今为止,非洲拥有120处世界遗产遗址,其中9处为岩画遗址。中国岩画研究中心长期关注非洲岩画,并将于2012101020日主办“2012年中南岩画研讨会”。从本期起,我们将特别关注已被列入联合国教科文组织《世界遗产名录》的非洲岩画遗址,并隆重推出系列报道——《聚焦非洲岩画》。

Editors note: Africa is well recognized as the cradle of mankind with a variety of diverse wildlife, landscapes and the whole of human history from the time our hominid ancestors first began to venture across the continents wide savannas. Currently, Africa has 120 world heritage sites, 9 of which are inscribed for their outstanding rock art resource. RARAC has long set her close eyes to Africas rock art, and will be hosting 2012 China-South Africa Rock Art Symposium between 10 and 20 October, 2012. From now onwards,our special attention will get paid to UNESCOs World Heritage-designated rock art sites in Africa, with Focus on African Rock Art, a series of coverages, launched.

 

 

塔德拉尔特·阿卡库斯石窟——利比亚

Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus - Libya

 

 聚焦非洲岩画(五)塔德拉尔特?阿卡库斯石窟/Focus on African Rock Art(V) - Rock-Art of Tadrart Acacus - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

面积32 000平方公里

Area: approx 32,000 km2

 

 

入选年份1985

Date of Inscription: 1985

 

 

入选标准

3、文化传统

Criteria:

(iii) cultural tradition

 

 

简介

塔德拉尔特·阿卡库斯石窟也是一个世界遗产遗址,位于阿尔及利亚阿杰尔的塔西里边境上。这座石山有数千种不同风格的壁画,时间可以追溯到公元前12 000年至公元100年。这些壁画表现了动植物的明显变化以及撒哈拉地区每代人生活的不同方式。

Brief Description

On the borders of Tassili N'Ajjer in Algeria, also a World Heritage site, this rocky massif has thousands of cave paintings in very different styles, dating from 12,000 B.C. to A.D. 100. They reflect marked changes in the fauna and flora, and also the different ways of life of the populations that succeeded one another in this region of the Sahara.

 

聚焦非洲岩画(五)塔德拉尔特?阿卡库斯石窟/Focus on African Rock Art(V) - Rock-Art of Tadrart Acacus - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(五)塔德拉尔特?阿卡库斯石窟/Focus on African Rock Art(V) - Rock-Art of Tadrart Acacus - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

地理位置与价值

Location & Values:

The rock-art sites of Tadrart Acacus are found in a vast area of desert landscape around (and mostly to the north of) the town of Ghat in south-western Libya. The area includes the Acacus mountain range, and borders the Tassili N’Ajjer world heritage site in neighbouring Algeria.  Together with the Tassili N’Ajjer it is the premier rock-art area in the world, with hundreds of engravings and thousands of paintings.

 

The rock art of Tadrart Acacus dates back as far as 12,000 years. This incredible open-air gallery tells the story of the changing fortunes of this part of the Sahara and the people who have occupied the area over the millennia. It is a story that traces the environmental effects of climate change which can be divided into distinct periods according to the characteristics of the rock-art legacy. The oldest art belongs to the so-called Wild Fauna Period (10,000-6,000 BC) characterised by the portrayal of animals – elephants, giraffes, hippos and rhinos – that inhabited the area when it was much wetter than today. Overlapping with this era is the Round Head Period (8,000-6,000 BC) when human figures appear alongside painted circular heads devoid of features. At this time people were living as hunter-gatherers, but this gradually gave way to the Pastoral Period (5500-2000 BC) characterised by art that depicts the introduction of domesticated cattle, and a more settled existence with human figures handling spears and performing ceremonies.  As the climate became progressively drier and long-distance travel more important, the art of the Horse Period (1000 BC – AD 1) shows the introduction of horses and horse-drawn chariots. Finally, the most recent period of rock-art in the Sahara (from about 200 BC to present) is the Camel Period, as these animals have played an increasingly important role.

聚焦非洲岩画(五)塔德拉尔特?阿卡库斯石窟/Focus on African Rock Art(V) - Rock-Art of Tadrart Acacus - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

聚焦非洲岩画(五)塔德拉尔特?阿卡库斯石窟/Focus on African Rock Art(V) - Rock-Art of Tadrart Acacus - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心
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