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中国岩画研究中心

Rock Art Research Association of China

 
 
 

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关于我

中国岩画研究中心始建于1992年,创始人为我国著名岩画专家陈兆复教授。中国岩画研究中心是国际岩画组织联合会的会员组织之一,主要从事中国境内岩画资料搜集整理及学术研究工作,也密切关注世界岩画研究事业的最新动态。中国岩画研究中心现任主任张亚莎教授是国际岩画组织联合会的中国代表,国际史前及原史科学协会会员。同时,也是《岩画研究》(澳大利亚)、《文学和艺术研究期刊》(美国)等国际学术期刊的评审人。张亚莎教授的主要学术研究领域为艺术史、藏族艺术和岩画。目前,中国岩画研究中心每年招收3名硕士研究生和1—2名博士研究生

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聚焦非洲岩画(二)措迪洛山/Focus on African Rock Art(II) - Tsodilo  

2012-08-16 10:14:57|  分类: 学术动态/Latest |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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编者按:非洲拥有丰富多样的野生动物、自然景观以及肇始于原始人类最早横跨非洲大陆广袤大草原进行探险的漫长人类史。迄今为止,非洲拥有120处世界遗产遗址,其中9处为岩画遗址。中国岩画研究中心长期关注非洲岩画,并将于20121010—20日主办2012年中南岩画研讨会。从本期起,我们将特别关注已被列入联合国教科文组织《世界遗产名录》的非洲岩画遗址,并隆重推出系列报道——《聚焦非洲岩画》。

Editor’s note: Africa is well recognized as the cradle of mankind with a variety of diverse wildlife, landscapes and the whole of human history from the time our hominid ancestors first began to venture across the continent’s wide savannas. Currently, Africa has 120 world heritage sites, 9 of which are inscribed for their outstanding rock art resource. RARAC has long set her close eyes to Africa’s rock art, and will be hosting 2012 China-South Africa Rock Art Symposium between 10 and 20 October, 2012. From now onwards,our special attention will get paid to UNESCO’s World Heritage-designated rock art sites in Africa, with “Focus on African Rock Art”, a series of coverages, launched.

 

 

措迪洛山——博茨瓦纳

Tsodilo --- Botswana

 

非洲岩画(一)措迪洛山/African Rock Art(I) - Tsodilo - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

面积

48平方公里

Area: 48 km2

 

 

入选年份2001

Date of Inscription: 2001

 

 

入选标准

1、具有创造性的杰作;

3、文化传统;

6、与信仰系统有关

Criteria:

(i) creative masterpiece;

(iii) cultural tradition;

(vi) association with belief system

 

 

简介

被誉为“沙漠卢浮宫”的措迪洛山是世界上岩石艺术最集中的地区之一。在卡拉哈里沙漠(Kalahari Desert)仅10平方公里的地方就保存了4 500多幅绘画作品。这个地区的考古发现按年代顺序记载了至少10万年间的人类活动和环境变化。恶劣环境中生存的当地居民十分敬畏措迪洛山,将其作为对祖先神灵的膜拜之地。

Brief Description

With one of the highest concentrations of rock art in the world, Tsodilo has been called the ''Louvre of the Desert''. Over 4,500 paintings are preserved in an area of only 10 km2 of the Kalahari Desert. The archaeological record of the area gives a chronological account of human activities and environmental changes over at least 100,000 years. Local communities in this hostile environment respect Tsodilo as a place of worship frequented by ancestral spirits.

非洲岩画(一)措迪洛山/African Rock Art(I) - Tsodilo - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

地理位置与价值

Location & Values:

The Tsodilo Hills are a comparatively small group of quartzite inselbergs located on the edge of the Kalahari Desert in the extreme north-west of Botswana, close to the Namibian border.  They are home to one of Africa’s densest collections of rock art, with some 4,500 paintings in an area of just 10 km2.  Caves and shelters in the hills are thought to have been occupied – perhaps only occasionally  – over a period of up to 100,000 years, and the area continues to have important symbolic and religious significance to local communities.

 

The rock art depicts a variety of subjects, including wild animals, people, cattle and other domestic animals, and various geometric symbols and designs.  Most are painted in red, but there are also a number of groups of white images.  In terms of style and content the art has much in common with paintings of similar age in Zambia and Angola rather than neighbouring Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa. Its age and origin is subject to speculation, but probably no more than 2,000 years old. Cattle were introduced to the area around the 6th century AD, and riders on horses – depicted in some of the white images – were first known here in the 1850s, thus establishing a maximum age for some of the paintings.  The geometric images are thought to be about 1,000 years old, and oral evidence suggests that the latest paintings date to the 19th century.

非洲岩画(二)措迪洛山/African Rock Art(II) - Tsodilo - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心
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