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中国岩画研究中心

Rock Art Research Association of China

 
 
 

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中国岩画研究中心始建于1992年,创始人为我国著名岩画专家陈兆复教授。中国岩画研究中心是国际岩画组织联合会的会员组织之一,主要从事中国境内岩画资料搜集整理及学术研究工作,也密切关注世界岩画研究事业的最新动态。中国岩画研究中心现任主任张亚莎教授是国际岩画组织联合会的中国代表,国际史前及原史科学协会会员。同时,也是《岩画研究》(澳大利亚)、《文学和艺术研究期刊》(美国)等国际学术期刊的评审人。张亚莎教授的主要学术研究领域为艺术史、藏族艺术和岩画。目前,中国岩画研究中心每年招收3名硕士研究生和1—2名博士研究生

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首批尼安德特人的洞窟岩画发现于西班牙/First Neanderthal Cave Paintings Discovered in Spain  

2012-08-13 10:44:11|  分类: 学术动态/Latest |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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编者按:总部位于英国伦敦的《新科学家》杂志于2012210日发表一篇由弗加尔·马克尔林撰写的,题为《首批尼安德特人的洞窟岩画发现于西班牙》的文章,文章中称西班牙马拉加的洞窟岩画可能是迄今发现的最古老的,首批由尼安德特人创造的艺术品。

Editor’s note: Authored by Fergal MacErlean, the article titled “First Neanderthal Cave Paintings Discovered in Spain” was published in February 10, 2012, in UK’s London-based NewScientist, in which cave paintings in Malaga, Spain, were perceived as the oldest yet found – and the first to have been created by Neanderthals.

 

 

First Neanderthal Cave Paintings Discovered in Spain

By Fergal MacErlean

 

首批尼安德特人的洞窟岩画发现于西班牙/First Neanderthal Cave Paintings Discovered in Spain - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

首批尼安德特人的洞窟岩画发现于西班牙/First Neanderthal Cave Paintings Discovered in Spain - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 

Were these seals painted by Neanderthals?

 (Image: Nerja Cave Foundation)

 

 

 

Cave paintings in Malaga, Spain, could be the oldest yet found – and the first to have been created by Neanderthals.

 

Looking oddly akin to the DNA double helix, the images in fact depict the seals that the locals would have eaten, says José Luis Sanchidrián at the University of Cordoba, Spain. They have "no parallel in Palaeolithic art", he adds. His team say that charcoal remains found beside six of the paintings – preserved in Spain's Nerja caves – have been radiocarbon dated to between 43,500 and 42,300 years old.

 

That suggests the paintings may be substantially older than the 30,000-year-old Chauvet cave paintings in south-east France, thought to be the earliest example of Palaeolithic cave art.

 

The next step is to date the paint pigments. If they are confirmed as being of similar age, this raises the real possibility that the paintings were the handiwork of Neanderthals – an "academic bombshell", says Sanchidrián, because all other cave paintings are thought to have been produced by modern humans.

 

Neanderthals are in the frame for the paintings since they are thought to have remained in the south and west of the Iberian peninsula until approximately 37,000 years ago – 5000 years after they had been replaced or assimilated by modern humans elsewhere in their European heartland.

 

Until recently, Neanderthals were thought to have been incapable of creating artistic works. That picture is changing thanks to the discovery of a number of decorated stone and shell objects – although no permanent cave art has previously been attributed to our extinct cousins.

 

Neanderthals' Creativity

 

Now some researchers think that Neanderthals had the same capabilities for symbolism, imagination and creativity as modern humans.

 

The finding "is potentially fascinating", says Paul Pettitt at the University of Sheffield, UK. He cautions that the dating of cave art is fraught with potential problems, though, and says that clarification of the paintings' age is vital.

 

"Even some sites we think we understand very well such as the Grotte Chauvet in France are very problematic in terms of how old they are," says Pettitt.

 

If the age is confirmed, Pettitt suggests that the cave paintings could still have been the work of modern humans. "We can't be absolutely sure that Homo sapiens were not down there in the south of Spain at this time," he says.

 

Sanchidrián does not rule out the possibility that the paintings were made by early Homo sapiens but says that this theory is "much more hypothetical" than the idea that Neanderthals were behind them.

 

Dating of the Nerja seal paintings' pigments will not take place until after 2013. Further excavations in the extensive cave system – discovered by a group of boys hunting bats in 1959 – is ongoing.

 

(Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn21458-first-neanderthal-cave-paintings-discovered-in-spain.html)

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