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中国岩画研究中心

Rock Art Research Association of China

 
 
 

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中国岩画研究中心始建于1992年,创始人为我国著名岩画专家陈兆复教授。中国岩画研究中心是国际岩画组织联合会的会员组织之一,主要从事中国境内岩画资料搜集整理及学术研究工作,也密切关注世界岩画研究事业的最新动态。中国岩画研究中心现任主任张亚莎教授是国际岩画组织联合会的中国代表,国际史前及原史科学协会会员。同时,也是《岩画研究》(澳大利亚)、《文学和艺术研究期刊》(美国)等国际学术期刊的评审人。张亚莎教授的主要学术研究领域为艺术史、藏族艺术和岩画。目前,中国岩画研究中心每年招收3名硕士研究生和1—2名博士研究生

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法国发现最古老岩画/Oldest Rock Art Discovered in France  

2012-06-10 21:35:19|  分类: 学术动态/Latest |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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编者按:据《科学新闻》2012512日报道,一支由人类学家组成的团队证实在法国南部一座坍塌的岩蓬里发现的一块重达1.5公吨的凿刻石灰石是最早的岩画证据。

Editor’s note: According to the coverage at Sci-News.com on May 12th, 2012, a team of anthropologists has determined that a 1.5 metric ton block of engraved limestone found in a collapsed rock shelter in southern France constitutes the earliest evidence of rock art.

 

 

The team has been excavating at the site of the discovery – Abri Castanet – for the past 15 years. Abri Castanet and its sister site Abri Blanchard have long been recognized as being among the oldest sites in Eurasia bearing artifacts of human symbolism.

 

In 2007, the team discovered an engraved block of limestone in what had been a rock shelter occupied by a group of Aurignacian reindeer hunters. Subsequent geological analysis revealed the ceiling had been about two meters above the floor on which the Aurignacians lived – within arms’ reach.

 

Using carbon dating, the researchers determined that both the engraved ceiling, which includes depictions of animals and geometric forms, and the other artifacts found on the living surface below were approximately 37,000 years old. The results appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

 

“Early Aurignacian humans functioned, more or less, like humans today,” explained Randall White, a professor of anthropology at New York University and a co-author on the study. “They had relatively complex social identities communicated through personal ornamentation, and they practiced sculpture and graphic arts.”

 

“This art appears to be slightly older than the famous paintings from the Grotte Chauvet in southeastern France,” Prof. White explained, referring to the cave paintings discovered in 1994.

 

“But unlike the Chauvet paintings and engravings, which are deep underground and away from living areas, the engravings and paintings at Castanet are directly associated with everyday life, given their proximity to tools, fireplaces, bone and antler tool production, and ornament workshops.”

 

“This discovery, combined with others of approximately the same time period in southern Germany, northern Italy, and southeastern France, raises new questions about the evolutionary and adaptive significance of art and other forms of graphic representation in the lives of modern human populations,” Prof. White concluded.

 

 

法国发现最早岩画/Oldest Rock Art Discovered in France - 中国岩画研究中心 - 中国岩画研究中心

 A detail of zoomorphic figure on a limestone block found at Abri Castanet in southern France (Randall White et al)

 

 

Source: http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/article00315.html

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